《红楼梦》秦可卿角色经历.历史文化 尚春台,ai2hao.com

《红楼梦》秦可卿角色经历_历史文化

秦可卿,是中国古典小说《红楼梦》中的人物,金陵十二钗之一。贾蓉之妻,秦邦业的养女。她还有个无血缘关系的弟弟秦钟。来自仙界清净女儿之境,是太虚幻境之主警幻仙子的妹妹,官名兼美,字可卿,乳名可儿。她长得袅娜纤巧,性格风流,行事温柔平和,被贾母赞为重孙媳中第一得意之人;而在警幻仙界,她是警幻仙姑的妹妹。那么《红楼梦》中有关秦可卿的故事情节有哪些?

《红楼梦》秦可卿角色经历

《红楼梦》开篇第一章,“绛珠仙子为报答神瑛侍者灌溉之恩,道:“他是甘露之惠,我并无此水可还。他既下世为人,我也去下世为人,但把我一生所有的眼泪还他,也偿还得过他了。因他们二人的事件,就勾出许多风流冤家来,陪他们去了结此案。”秦可卿便是风流冤家之一。

仙界来历

秦可卿来自仙界的清净女儿之境,是太虚幻境之主警幻仙子的妹妹,乳名兼美,表字可卿。她在警幻宫中原是个钟情的首座,管的是风情月债。奉警幻之命,降临尘世,为第一情人,引导金陵十二钗早早归入太虚幻境。

嫁入豪门

秦可卿一下凡就是个弃婴,被养生堂收养。营缮郎秦业因当年无生育,便向养生堂抱养了她,给她起了个小名唤可儿。同时抱养的还有一个男婴,但是没能养活。秦业五旬之上生了秦钟,就是秦可卿无血缘的弟弟。秦业为官清廉,宦囊羞涩,家境清寒。十分重视对秦可卿姊弟俩的教育。

秦可卿长成个大美人,嫁给贾珍之子贾蓉为妻,脂砚斋评她“贫女得居富室”。原著特别交代她的小名贾府从无人知道,意味着她出身养生堂的秘密被秦业隐瞒得好好的,贾府始终相信她是秦业的亲生女儿。

秦可卿嫁入贾府后,获得了合族上下的同声赞美。尤氏护着她,贾母怜惜她。凤姐与她感情尤深,时常去找她说话。每逢此时,贾宝玉也屁颠屁颠跟着。有一次,贾珍之妻尤氏请贾母、王夫人等赏梅,贾宝玉醉了酒要睡午觉,秦可卿主动请缨安排。

贾宝玉在她的卧房里梦入太虚幻境。警幻仙子带他游览一遍太虚幻境表层之后,将她许配与贾宝玉,意欲让贾宝玉领略人间仙界第一等美色,从此看破男女之情,贾宝玉梦醒时失声喊叫“可卿救我”,令秦可卿心里纳闷,又不好细问。

身后奢华

秦可卿丧礼极尽奢华,停灵七七四十九日,宁国府街上一条白漫漫人来人往,花簇簇官来官去。看板时几副杉木板贾珍皆不满意,到底买下了薛家木店里的一副出自潢海铁网山,原是给义忠亲王老千岁准备的樯木板,为了丧礼上风光些,贾珍又从大内红人戴权手上为贾蓉捐了个龙禁尉的前程,还特地请了凤姐协理。更有六公、四王等当朝显贵都来设祭送殡。出殡后寄灵于贾府家庙铁槛寺。

秦可卿的丧礼埋伏一系列重大祸患:丫鬟瑞珠触柱而亡,宝珠请愿自任义女,出殡后守灵铁槛寺;凤姐在铁槛寺弄权,间接害死张金哥一对情侣;最严重的是贾珍擅用潢海铁网山樯木板,接上了后来贼寇入室抢劫、海疆戡乱一条线索。

秦可卿死于腊月初二,她的丧礼却在翌年八月,间隔达九个月;从她的病情来看,似乎是病逝,从她的判词、曲子及对鸳鸯的自述来看,似乎又是自缢。她的死成为红学悬案。

死后显灵

秦可卿死后显灵两次,一次在大观园责问凤姐辜负了当年的嘱托,一次教鸳鸯自缢,引入太虚幻境。后来又出现在贾宝玉真如福地(太虚幻境的幻象)梦中。全书结尾处,贾政、贾蓉扶贾母、可卿、凤姐、鸳鸯、黛玉灵柩回南安葬。

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